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The Nairobi Convention is part of the Regional Seas Programme of the United Nations Environment, Ecosystems Division. The United Nations Environment's Ecosystems Division works with international and national partners, providing technical assistance and advisory services for the implementation of environmental policy, and strengthening the environmental management capacity of developing countries and countries with economies in transition.  This position is located in the Ecosystems Division at the Seychelles Duty station....click here to apply

Solutions for Global Marine Litter Pollution Since the 1950s the amount of plastics in the marine environment has increased dramatically. Worldwide there is a growing concern about the risks and possible adverse effects of (micro)plastics. This paper reflects on the sources and effects of marine litter and the effects of policies and other actions taken worldwide. Current knowledge offers a solid basis for effective action. Yet, so far the effects of policies and other initiatives are still largely insufficient. The search for appropriate responses could be based on possible interventions and profound understanding of the context specific factors for success. Moreover, the scope, timeframe and dynamics of all initiatives are distinctly different and orchestration at all levels, in close cooperation with one another is currently lacking....continue reading

A Price on their Heads: How Bottle Deposits Help Beat Plastic Pollution Cheap, light and mould-able into myriad shapes, plastic bottles have conquered the world. Unfortunately, they have also become the kings of trash, accumulating at a mind-boggling rate to create one of the biggest pollution headaches or our age. As the economic and environmental cost of this waste dawns on us, so the quest for a solution is intensifying. Deposits might allow us to keep using some plastic bottles, but stop us from tossing them mindlessly as soon as they are drained.....continue reading

Related articles and research papers:  Research Paper: Production, Use and Fate of All Plastics Ever Made

UK Considers Tax on Single-use Plastics to Tackle Ocean Pollution

Namibia: Marine Pollution levy coming

Defrosted Ocean Futures The Arctic Ocean is not only the smallest, shallowest and most northern ocean in the world, it is also experiencing some of the most dramatic effects of climate change and other environmental perturbations. Any attempt to manage such a complex system must simultaneously account for the global context and multiple local to global interactions between humans and nature. Not to mention possible unexpected abrupt changes, which can and have occurred as ecosystems in the Arctic lose resilience. A recent study published in Ambio proposes a new framework to support management that builds on a social–ecological system perspective on the Arctic Ocean.......read more

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Related articles: Research paper: Should Coastal Planners have Concern Over Where Land Ice is Melting

Mauritius: A Marine Spatial Plan is Crucial for the Development of the Ocean Economy, says Minister Mentor

Systematic Planning and Ecosystem-Based Management as Strategies to Reconcile Mangrove Conservation with Resource Use About 120 million people worldwide live within 10 km of large mangrove forests, and many of them directly depend on the goods and services provided by these ecosystems. However, it remains unclear how to synchronize ecological definitions and legal conservation strategies regarding mangroves, especially in developing countries, such as Brazil. T The paper aims to answer the following questions: (1) What suitable measures could managers and other decision makers adopt for efficient mangrove conservation planning?; (2) What are the site-specific, social-ecological aspects that need to be taken into account when deciding on conservation and management strategies?; and (3) How could science contribute to the development of these measures? This paper draws parallels with management approaches worldwide to find common points and hence lessons to be applied in other regional realms. It considers the issues of legal vulnerability and needs for social-ecological data on mangroves, contributing toward systematic conservation planning and ecosystem-based management for these ecosystems.

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Related Research Paper: Mangrove Timber use as an  Ecosystem Service in the Colombian Pacific

To Succeed, Large Ocean Sanctuaries Need to Benefit both Sea Life and People There is growing concern that the world’s oceans are in crisis because of climate change, overfishing, pollution and other stresses. One response is creating marine protected areas, or ocean parks, to conserve sea life and key habitats that support it, such as coral reefs. This research seeks to inform conservation policies that are effective, equitable and socially just. In the study of established or proposed large marine protected areas in Bermuda, Rapa Nui (Easter Island), Palau, Kiribati and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and Guam, researchers show that efforts to protect even remote sites can generate important outcomes for local residents that they may view as positive or negative. They can increase national pride and political leverage for indigenous populations, for example. They can also complicate international conservation negotiations or cause broad shifts in national economies.....read more

Click here for the full length research paper Pollution is the theme of the 2017 United Nations Environment Assembly which is meeting in Nairobi from 4 to 6 December. Sign the Pledge and help us #BeatPollution around the World.

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